The name Yerrinbool is an Aboriginal word for the Wood Duck — a species which is quite common around the ponds in Yerrinbool. The area where Yerrinbool is prior to settlement was known as “Little Forest”.
Yerrinbool is distinguished on the Hume Highway as the town which has the “Welcome to the Southern Highlands” sign as it is the first town of the Southern Highlands on the Hume Highway coming from Sydney.
Yerrinbool can also be distinguished by the Tennessee Orchard Sign which has a large round red apple on it. The bright sign can be seen when travelling past the village on the Hume Highway.
Yerrinbool is about 12 km drive from nearby Mittagong.